Volume 1, Number 1 (2016)
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Home > Journals > SCIREA Journal of Health > Archive > Paper Information

Prevalence and Risk factors of Low back pain among nurses of a Medical College at Bharatpur, Nepal

Volume 1, Issue 1, October 2016    |    PP. 1-10    |PDF (436 K)|    Pub. Date: October 16, 2016
2296 Downloads     14112 Views  

Author(s)
N. Manandhar, Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Kathmandu Medical College, Sinamangal, Kathmandu
S. Subedi, B.sc. Nursing, College of Medical Sciences, Bharatpur.

Abstract
Background: Low back pain is neither a disease nor a diagnostic entity of any sort. The term refers to pain in an area of the anatomy afflicted so often that it has become a paradigm of responses to external and internal stimuli. The prevalence of low back pain among hospital workers varies between different countries 39% in Hong Kong to 76% in the Netherlands. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence and associated risk factor of low back pain among nurses of College of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital; Bhartapur, Nepal. The study was conducted from 1st July to 30th July, 2015. Result: In the present study, all study population were female and majorities (74.28%) of them were unmarried and 25.72% were married. The prevalence of low back pain was 75.7% among them it was observed highest (67.9%) in the age group 20-25 years. Majorities (75.47%) of nurses have developed low back pain with standing duration of 6-8 hours. Conclusion: The study revealed also that occupational daily work tasks of nurses have a great impact in exposing them to this occupational hazard because of many different reasons. Firstly, the uncomfortable conditions of work caused by the lack of appropriate equipment that might protect them from ergonomic stressors, to make their work easy. Due to those uncomfortable working conditions with inappropriate materials/ equipment, nurses are often exposed to poor work postures. This may lead to overload and overuse of certain muscle stabilizers of the back, lower limbs and abdominals.

Keywords
Activities, Body mass index, Low back pain, Posture, Risk factor,

Cite this paper
N. Manandhar, S. Subedi, Prevalence and Risk factors of Low back pain among nurses of a Medical College at Bharatpur, Nepal, SCIREA Journal of Health. Vol. 1 , No. 1 , 2016 , pp. 1 - 10 .

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